We’ve all been there-wake up in the morning, still yawning and maybe even not out of bed yet, then wait a moment for our vision to clear. However, if you’re experiencing blurred vision at a rate that’s far more than that, there’s a problem that should be addressed. It is not normal for vision to be blurry for long. blurred vision can be caused by a focussing problems such as astigmatism, along with short-sightedness – myopia and long-sightedness hypermetropia.
Typically, people experience blurry vision when they have underlying refraction disorders. Refraction refers to the way the eye focuses on light. Blurry usually manifests alongside one or more of the following symptoms at a time:
- Cloudy vision
- Triple or double vision in one eye (or both)
- Eye pain
- Increased light sensitivity
- Itchy or dry eyes
- Joint pain or stiffness
- Loss of peripheral or central vision
- Poor night vision
- Red eyes
- Seeing floaters or spots
In extreme cases, there is also bleeding or discharge from an eye. Usually, refraction disorders are treatable. After getting an eye exam, glasses and contact lenses will likely be prescribed, which should be able to clear things right up.
Here are some of the most common causes of blurred vision:
When the centre of your retina gets damaged progressively, your central vision will gradually disappear in turn. This is, in a nutshell, what AMD is, below is an image of a right eye with dry macular change:
This is a refractive error which usually leads to problems at any given distance. For the most part it is genetic, but can also be caused by getting eye surgery or incurring an injury to the eye.
Usually found in much older people, the eyes’ lenses clouding is generally referred to as cataracts. Mainly something caused by genetics, it can also be traced to radiation and sun damage. Eye exams will pick this up easily enough, and it can be addressed through surgery. Other symptoms include an increasing difficulty in distinguishing colours and not being able to see well at night.
As we age, our eyes’ lenses end up losing accommodating power, which is what presbyopia is. While it has similar symptoms to hyperopia, it is not a refraction error.
Commonly known as nearsightedness, this is essentially distance vision that is blurred. Causes include cataracts, diabetes, genetics, infection or inflammation and reading a lot.
The opposite of myopia as it is basically farsightedness, this is near vision that is blurred. Causes include inflammatory disorders and macular degeneration.
Two causes that both near and farsightedness have in common are certain medications and trauma.
Suddenly having blurry vision is usually a warning sign of an infection, an eye disease, or something else that’s going on in your body which shouldn’t be happening in the first place. The best way to address it is to schedule an eye exam at the soonest possible time. The best-case scenario will be that you just need glasses. Worst case involves something more serious, like surgery. In order to determine the best course of action, don’t delay seeking professional advice from a qualified optical healthcare practitioner as soon as you begin experiencing blurry vision.
Need to find reliable opticians in Essex? Contact Simon Kleyn Optometrist today! We are independent opticians based in Earls Colne and Frinton-on-Sea.